History of Wine making

-   400 years BC: The Celts started for the first time with wine production on Slovenian territories.

-   1. century AD: The Romans expanded the traditional production of wine. Numerous archaeological finds testify to that fact. 

-      The Middle Ages: the term “gorica” was coined in that time, denoting vineyards, situated on steep hillsides, with flatlands dedicated to agriculture.

-       11. century: Wine production flourishes with the development of urban settlements in Europe.


-   13. century: the introduction of Mountain Law, determining the duties and rights of winemakers.

-          1543:  the first directives prescribing vineyard work

-   18. and 19. centuries: time of intensive development of the wine sector. The first textbooks on winemaking are published.

-   1872 the first agricultural school was founded in Maribor, followed by others in Vipava, Novo mesto and Gorica.

1880 The phylloxera, causing a near extinction of vineyards throughout Europe, is detected also in Bizeljsko. Grafting on American rootstock stops the disaster, but the phenomenon causes considerable demographic changes, since a considerable number of people emigrate to “the Promised Land” – the USA. 

-   After World War II, viticultural areas expand, since wine becomes a widely popular beverage.

-   Wine production in the 1960s and 1970s is quantity oriented.

-   The aim and all efforts of big and small wine producers in the 1980s and the 1990s are only one: better quality. Numerous small, progressive family wine estates appear on the market, offering author/creator wines

-  At present it is to be emphasized that the Slovenians have never until now consumed better and health-beneficial wine.


Map ID Card History Varieties Speciality Legislation