The Slovenian Wine Law dated from
2006 integrates the European wine-related legislature completely while
maintaining some Slovenian particularities. In Slovenia, wines are divided into
table wines and table wines with geographical indication -
vino PGO (similar to vin de pays, Landwein or IGT) and
Kakovostno vino ZGP (Quality wines PSR) - produced in specified
region, which also include vrhunsko vino ZGP
(Premium Quality Wines), which represent the top of the quality pyramid.
Wines with recognised
traditional denomination – vino PTP belong to the group of quality
wines as well:
which is a name for the light reddish wine, produced of white and
red varietals (Žametovka, Kraljevina, Modra frankinja, Laški rizling ). This
wine can only be found in the district of
produced from the red variety of Refošk from the
Kras district strongly
influenced by the soil it grows in – terra rossa.
PTP is a red blend
made of Modra frankinja, Šentlovrenka, Modra portugalka and Gamay. This wine is
is a white blend of
Kraljevina and Laški rizling and at times of Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Zeleni
silvanec, Sivi pinot and Beli pinot. It is also produced in
Sweet wines produced from overly
ripe grapes – so
called “predicate” wines; only premium wines accompanied by additional
traditional expressions – pozna trgatev (late vintage), izbor (selection),
jagodni izbor (berry selection, suhi jagodni izbor (dry berry selection),
ledeno vino (ice wine), vino iz sušenega grozdja (wine made of dried grapes) – qualify for this category.
In wine labelling, wines are
also categorised in those with and without protected geographic origin. To deserve protected geographic origin, a wine has to pass obligatory
organoleptic evaluations and physicochemical analysis. With the exception of
PGO – (regional wine) – table wines without geographic
origin are not produced in Slovenia.
In Slovenia, the vine variety is
the decisive factor when purchasing wine. Vine variety and vintage are to be
stated on deželno, kakovostno and vrhunsko labels.
Mlado or novo vino -
is a special designation for
wines of the current vintage, and they are allowed to be marketed till 31st of
January after the year following the vintage.
– (archive wine)
is a designation
reserved for wines which are usually more than three years old, even though
legally the age is not determined.